Keoladeo National Park, Bharatpur ( Bharatpur Sanctuary)
paradise for the avian world, and the pilgrimage for the bird lovers, it was
known as the best duck shooting reserve in the British empire. But was declared
a reserve for birds in 1956 and later upgraded to National Park. UNESCO has
listed it as a world heritage site. The geographical location is ideal as it
is on the main North-South avian route of India. Although small in size, 29
sq km. Only, it boasts to house more than 375 species of beautiful birds, and
more than 132 of them breed inside the Keoladeo Ghana National Park and nearly
every year new ones are added to the list.
The sanctuary not only attracts birds from India but also from places like Europe,
Siberia, China and Tibet Before monsoons resident birds activity starts on the
babool and kadam trees of the park. Water coming through the Ajan Bandh starts
filling the various ponds and lakes of the Park.
When assured of enough food, hundreds of large, medium and little cormorant,
darter, purple and grey heron, various species of egret, painted, open-billed,
white necked and black necket stork, white ibis, spoonbill, night heron and
other birds get busy in courting and mating. The trees are overflooded with
nest, one can observe a tree housing nests upto fifties and sixties in number
belongign to different species of birds looking after theri loving young onces.
The nests on the trees look like pearl necklaces. Gracious Saras cranes, the
tallest flight birds nest in exposed and open area, both partners share the
duty of hatching, while changing incubating duties, they come together, raise
their neck and give out shrill trumpetic calls in unison and at the same time
fan their feathers.
The newly born chicks are only 10cm. in size but grows upto one metre in height
within a year. As the monsoons arrive birds from every part of the country start
pouring into the park. Migratory water-fowls, including the pride of Keoladeo
Siberian Cranes form the indispensable part of Park. The water-fowls visit the
park in millions during the month of October. Rosy starling marks the beginning
of the arrival of migratory birds. The most noticeable water-fowl coming to
the park are barheaded and greyleg geese.
The ducks spotted here are pintail, common teal, ruddy shelduck, mallard, widgeon,
shoveler, commong shelduck, red crested pochard, gadwall etc. predatory birds
like imperial eagle, steppe and tawny eagee, spotted eagle, marsh harrier and
laggar falcon are attracted towards the park completing the avian food chain
of the ecosystem. Some of them like short toed eagle, lesser spotted eagle and
shikra are the residents of Park.
11 sq km Area of the park is covered with water the remaining portion is rich
with Kingfisher, Red Vented and white cheeked Bulbuls, Babblers, Quails, Partridges,Sunbirds,
Sparrows, Parakeets and orioles which live in bushes and burrows. The year round
activity of the winged beauties has made the park a pilgrimage for bird lovers
and an ornithologists delight. The animal populace also show their presence
although they are thoroughly dominated by feathers, wings and beaks. The animals
include the Black Buck, Sambhar - the largest Indian Antelope, Spotted deer,
Pythons can also be observed at some places bask in the sun. Vehicles are only
permitted upto Shanti Kutir inside the park. The Electra Van of forest department
can be engaged in the sanctuary, although the best way to explore the park is
on foot or bicycles which are available on hire. Cycle rickshaws can also be
Ranthambhore National Park
Situated at the junction of the Aravalli and the Vindhya ranges. Ranthambore
is one of India's conservation success stories. Since becoming one of the original
11 areas under Project Tiger in 1973, the park has recovered much f its previous
natural glory, proving that, with careful management, a once wooded area which
has been reduced to arid scrub can be restored.
In 1973, the then sanctuary of 60 square miles (156 square km) was expanded
to 158 square miles (411 square km) with a core area of 65 square miles (169
square km) and later became a national park. In 1984 and adjoining area of 40
square miles (104 square km) to the south became the Sawai Man Singh Sanctuary
(named after the last ruling Maharaja of Jaipur.
blend between nature and history is strong in this park, and like Bandhavgarh
National Park in Madhya Pradesh the fort, the temples the tanks and other relies
are a constant reminder of man's involvement in the area. The fort commanded
a large area and up to the late - 13th century was the center of a Hindu Kingdom.
During the 18th century, the area was protected as a hunting area for and by
the Maharaja of Jaipur and It is thanks to an extension on this protection that
the park exists today.
The fort is the natural focal point of the park with a series of well - established
artificial lakes stretching to the north.
Most of the area is covered by typical dry, mixed deciduous forest. The undulating
hills have a few bare rock faces and barren ridges. The area supports a mixed
range of birds, mammals and insects. On the gentler hillsides and in the valleys,
dhok is the main tree. The few areas of luch vegetation are around the lakes
and have peepul, mango, palas and banyan, creating a thick forest. The huge
banyan near Jogi Mahal at the base of the fort is reputedly the second largest
The major predator here is the tiger but leopard territories overlap: leopards
are occasionally seen in areas on the park periphery. Jackal hyena caracal and
jungle cat are also found. In recent years, the tiger population has become
increasingly diurnal and there have been many sightings of tigers hunting sambar
on the banks of the lakes. The greater visibility of this magnificent animal,
directly due to careful management, has made the park well - known as one of
the easier parks for tiger photography.
Sambar and chital are common throughout the park and are found in large concentrations
near the lakes along with small groups of nilgai. In the scrub and thorn, chinkara
are often seen. Other animals seen include the marsh crocodile, wile boar, ratel,
monitor lizard and sloth bear.
The rich birdlife reflects the range of flora on which it feeds. During the
winter months the lakes attract a variety of migrant water birds.
The park entrance is only eight miles from Sawai Madhopur station on the main
Bombay - Delhi line. A meerguage line connects Sawai Madhopur with Jaipur (10miles
/ 162 km).
Ranthambhore National Park Reservation Form
Note » Ranthambhore National Park Close Between 30 June to 1 October